Impressive and charming architecture, World Heritage-listed historic centers and an extremely complex and fascinating history. Add to all this beautiful natural scenery such as symbolic seas and rivers, beautiful mountains and an extensive collection of fully preserved medieval buildings. These are just some of the beauties travelers can find in Eastern European countries.
Eastern Europe corresponds to the region lying between Europe and Asia, and has about 22 countries, including those in the so-called transcontinental space. Because of their proximity, some countries in Central Europe and the Middle East are often included in the Eastern European category. All these countries were part of the bloc of the Soviet Union or were directly influenced by the old configuration.
Eastern European countries include: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, North Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Czech Republic, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine. Due to the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, these two countries are currently not considered safe for tourist travel.
In temperate climates, there are several regions where snow falls during extreme winters, making it possible to practice ice sports or watch very white mountain peaks. However, the region is also considered a tourist destination for those who enjoy very high temperatures in summer: between June and September, temperatures usually reach 35°C, which allows you to visit the beaches and take pleasant walks in the air for free.
Since these are less known destinations among Brazilian tourists, another advantage of traveling to Eastern Europe is the low cost. In addition to finding cheaper flights, accommodation, and tours, there are ways to save money on food, for example. This is because the cost of living in this region is considered to be lower compared to other European countries. However, it is important to keep in mind that due to the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, prices may be slightly higher at this time.
Traveling through Eastern Europe during the war between Russia and Ukraine
Countries in the region have been recovering from a drop in tourist traffic caused by two years of restrictive measures due to the novel coronavirus pandemic; however, the conflict between Russia and Ukraine further staggered the possibility of a resurgence in the sector. With the borders close to Ukraine, travelers began to fear that the stay would become unsafe or even unethical due to the fact that a war is going on in a neighboring country.
Slovenia – Slovenia is one of the six nations that formed the territory of Yugoslavia and became an independent state in 1991. The country offers the highlights of the nature of the Eastern European region. There very green fields, caves and mountains of the Alps are among the scenarios to explore.
The city of Ljubljana, which is one of the attractions of this place, is notable for its landscapes full of medieval buildings, narrow streets and mythological symbols. The brightest examples are the Ljubljana Castle, on top of which you can climb to see the city from above; Triple bridge, symbolizing the capital and crossing the river Ljubljanica; and Kongresni Trg Square, which is full of dragon sculptures.
Those who want to discover the Julian Alps and connect with Slovenian nature can include the city of Bled, which is located 50 km from Ljubljana, in the itinerary. There you can visit more than 300 lakes, including the famous Lake Bled, the main local attraction. The lake was once considered the most beautiful in the world for its clear waters that reflect the surrounding nature.
There is also the Bled Castle, as if descended from the pages of a fairy tale: built in the 11th century, it is located on an island in the center of Lake Bled, surrounded by greenery.
Czech Republic. Anyone who wants to enjoy good beer, art trends and some of the main monuments dedicated to architectural styles, from gothic churches to renaissance facades, will love this place. The Czech Republic has some of the most captivating scenery in Europe and is a formidable cultural, artistic and gastronomic hub.
Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, is a major destination in the country and has become one of the top destinations for those who want to discover cities full of personality, glamour, charm and history. Castles, baroque and gothic buildings, important churches and first-class gastronomy are some of the main attractions. Prague is also known as the city of a hundred spiers, as it has several architectural structures with peaks that can be seen from different parts of the city.
In the capital, you must visit the Old Town Square, which contains many important cathedrals and historical buildings; Prague Castle, founded in the 9th century and inhabited by Roman emperors and presidents of Czechoslovakia; and Charles Bridge, one of the landmarks of the city, which sits above the Vltava River and offers one of the best views of Prague.
Some regions have beautiful nature reserves, such as the Bohemian Switzerland National Park, which stretches between the Czech and German territories. There you can walk through scenarios fully integrated with surreal rock formations and precipices. In addition to discovering beautiful holographic lakes, picturesque mountains and rivers, you can camp in small chalets or even tents.
It is also worth including Český Krumlov in your itinerary. The city has preserved castles built in the 13th century and is a village of orange-roofed houses built on the banks of the river, surrounded by greenery. The medieval city is a freshness on the path and is considered a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Croatia. With a coastline spanning the Adriatic Sea, over a thousand islands and the company of the Dinaric Alps, the country is home to a large number of museums, medieval buildings and beautiful beaches, including one called Copacabana located in Dubrovnik.
The city puts the visitor in direct contact with the Adriatic Sea, where you can dive between rocks and areas where the water is a mixture of greenish and turquoise colors. It’s also worth visiting the 16th-century buildings and baroque icons such as the Church of St. Blaise and the Sponza Palace. Walking along Stradun is very popular because it is a limestone paved street in the Old Town: the 300-meter street is surrounded by walls and has prominent towers.
The city of Split also has beautiful beaches and is located on the Dalmatian coast of Croatia. The tourist can find great views of the buildings on the mountain and the boats that cruise along the coast. The city was important during the Roman period and inherited the beautiful palace of Diocletian, which was the central fortress opened in the 4th century.
Although coastal cities stand out more in the country, it is also worth investing in tours to the country’s capital, Zagreb. There are outstanding monuments of the Austro-Hungarian architectural movement, beautiful Gothic cathedrals and the trendy Tkalchicheva Street, open only to pedestrians and home to many cafes.
Poland. Those who travel around the country will find many medieval castles, charming historical centers and an extensive Jewish culture, as the city was heavily damaged by Nazi Germany during World War II – for example, the Auschwitz concentration camp was located in the country. , one of the main monuments of that period, where today there is a memorial that can be visited. In fact, this is one of the main tourist attractions that should be included in the travelers’ itinerary.
The city of Krakow is one of the most popular. Located close to the border with the Czech Republic, the city is a veritable collection of medieval buildings, especially in the Market Square area, which has several colorful buildings and is one of the oldest medieval squares in Europe.
There it is worth visiting the Wawel Castle, where you can still see the Dragon Cave and the cathedral located there; the Basilica of Santa Maria, built in the 13th century; and Oskar Schindler’s Factory, where Jews rescued by Oskar during the Holocaust worked (the story is told in Steven Spielberg’s Schindler’s List).
The capital, Warsaw, is also extremely charming. This is a metropolis full of modern skyscrapers, many palaces and quarters, the aesthetics of which have been preserved since the days of the Soviet Union. The Old Town, the Market Square, the Museum of Polish Jews, and the Mermaid Monument in Warsaw are some of the top places to visit.