Hymn of Mameli in schools? In the meantime, however, the music culture does not exist

I have listened with interest to the latest public publication by Minister Bianchi on school music matters, in which he proposed that all classes of all Italian schools should sing in unison on the same date and time. the national anthem of Mameli: what a great initiative, I thought, but the content? At the Italian public school, the material has been different for a while Latina: starting from the questions of the competition for music education in the lower years of secondary education. It is quoted verbatim: “Design a didactic formative unit that causes the students of a class to first try to read in septiclavio according to the old adiastematic notation”.

At first I thought it was a joke, some kind of fake, I thought the shine “How was Antani” was missing: impossible, I thought like every other insider, such a super cazzola in the competition. But to my astonishment and deep regret I discovered upon researching a little that it was of pure reality† Apart from the obvious mismatch between the context of a class before primary high school and the study of the septiclavius ​​(including, in addition to the volino and bass clefs, also those of soprano, mezzo-soprano, alto, tenor and baritone), apart So The nonsense of such a formative proposition in the context of a high school, what makes sorts is what follows shortly after it takes the form of the words “according to the old adiastematic notation”.

Does the Ministry of Education know that the adiastematic notation is the previous, and not a little, the use of the musical staff? So he knows that that kind of notation it has nothing to do with any key and especially with all seven keys in the so-called septiclavio? So what do we want to do? Wouldn’t it be the case that someone from the Ministry of Education, with a minimum of respect for future education professionals, for our graduates, for candidates for a competition for professorship, on behalf of the entire Ministry, the most sincere apologies for such blunders

In fact, it is not, as if this alone were not enough, the only question without historical-scientific support: in recent months a multitude of reports have been received from candidates from the most diverse competition classes. of as many blunders among the questions O, mutatis mutandisof the inaccurate correspondence between the questions asked and the relative answers indicated as correct by the Ministry itself.

But let’s go further: Minister Bianchi knows that Italy is the country where music does not create culture, where school-level music culture does not exist† There is that of the visual arts, of literature, certainly not the musical one, which as a rule does not pass through the intonation of Mameli’s hymn, but the study of its history, its forms, its styles in a country, ours, which has a played a fundamental role in the formation of the musical language used today in all corners of the world. We’ve said it, written it, repeated it dozens and dozens of times without ever getting the slightest attention: this is why proposals that could also be fun they are not at all if even today the hypothesis of an action of a real school music culture is not even remotely broadcast.

In the land of the Opera the boys they have no idea of which Giuseppe Verdi, Gioachino Rossini, Giacomo Puccini, and apart from the opera it is inconceivable that an entire European population does not have the slightest knowledge of the invaluable Western music repertoire, its glorious past and its new languages. We want to understand once and for all that without music culture, the entire theater circuit will continue to suffer huge budget deficits as already established by decades of practice? Why would young people, the most dynamic band of any society, go to a concert in a theater or auditorium if they are ever sufficiently sensitized to consciously listen to music?

The study of art history, in its reference sector, exactly this function on the level of use and presence of the spaces used for the dissemination of visual art: why not adopt the same economic-cultural model for music? It’s done in Germany and in all advanced countries, why not do it in Italy too? In addition to a petition launched by the Italian Musicologists Group, there is a bill already submitted in parliament since January 2019, the n. 1553, for the incorporation of music history into our high school institutions: it’s just waiting to be resurrected and taken into the parliamentary process, what are you waiting for?

Finally, Minister Bianchi knows that even today for music historians access to education is hindered of their subject in musical high schools, while at the same time teaching it in universities? Again, do you know that musical high schools study art history for two hours a week, while music history, which is also two hours a week in these high schools, is not included in artistic high school courses? Whence this all-Italian discrepancy between the history of the visual arts, which is rightly ubiquitous in high school programs, and that related to the art of sound? Is the Ministry of Education able to provide adequate, reasoned and timely answers?

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